The analysis process begins with the bombardment of the material on the belt with thermal neutrons. These thermal neutrons activate the material by striking the nucleus of the material’s atoms, causing them to emit gamma energies which are unique to their elements. The gamma energy is sensed by the detectors and converted to electrical energy which can be processed by the analyzer. The results are collected and averaged and are presented to the user on a minute-by-minute basis. The initial process of neutron bombardment and gamma emission occurs at light speed, therefore there is no practical upper limit on conveyor speed.